2. See the White House press release, “President Bush Welcomes King Abdullah of Jordan to the White House,” issued February 8, 2006, and online at www.whitehouse.gov/ news/releases/2006/02/20060208–1.html.
3. As quoted in Dan Bilefsky, “Muslim Protesters Ignore Appeals for Calm,” International Herald Tribune, February 9, 2006.
4. See “Around the World, Leaders Weigh in on Cartoons, Riots,” Daily Star, February 9, 2006.
5. This “Message to the Conference on ’Who Speaks for Islam? Who Speaks for the West?’ Kuala Lumpur, February 10–11, 2006,” was delivered by Iqbal Riza, special adviser to the secretary–general on the Alliance of Civilizations, as part of the opening session.
6. John Stuart Mill, On Liberty (Kitchener, Ontario: Batoche Books, 2001 ), p. 49.
7. Ernest Gellner, Postmodernism, Reason, and Religion (New York: Routledge, 1992).
8. Talisma Nasreen is an outspoken Bangladeshi feminist writer who was charged with blasphemy by the Bangladeshi government for her 1992 novel Lajja (Shame), which depicted the tragedy that befell a Hindu family in Bangladesh following the destruction of a mosque by Hindu fundamentalists in India. She was forced to flee Bangladesh in 1994 after a fatwa calling for her death was issued by the militant group the Council of the Soldiers of Islam. She now lives in exile in India.
9. Arab Human Development Report 2004: Towards Freedom in the Arab World (New York: United Nations Publications, 2004).